The State Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs logo

The State Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs

<p>The State Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs established through a presidential decree Jadi-1397. The main purpose of the ministry is to provide standard services for the heirs of martyrs and the disabled.</p> <p>Since the MMD is newly established and has recently provided its services within the framework of the state ministry, the MMDs leadership is committed to provide services to heirs of martyrs and disabled electronically and promptly.</p>


Ministry of Industry and Commerce logo

Ministry of Industry and Commerce

<p>Ministry of Commerce and Industries (MOCI) is one of many government Ministries and agencies that is responsible in promoting trade, industry, and private sector investment.  Ministry has four main functions which are making laws and regulations, formulating policies and strategies, facilitating, coordinating and influence private sector development.<br /> The Ministry also seeks to influence others working in this are – such as multilateral and bilateral partners, non-governmental and civil society, private sector businesses, and national and international trade and business organizations.</p>


PD-Ministry of Finance logo

PD-Ministry of Finance

<p><strong>Pension General Directorate/ MoF:</strong></p> <p>The government of Afghanistan has laid out its vision of reforms in the social protection sector in the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS). In PGD, the main objective is to ensure fiscal sustainability and mitigating fiscal impact of the Pay and Grading reform on the pension program, making it consistent with the broader public sector reform agenda. The strategy also recognizes that it is critically important to develop fiscally sound and well-targeted pension system.</p> <p> More importantly, the Pension Reform Project (PRP) is expected to contribute in the designing and implementing of policy and administrative reforms, and modernization of public sector pension program and to cover the private sector pension in future.</p> <p>The project was initiated in early 2010 with technical and financial support of WB/IDA grants and continued until December 2017, and then followed by the government of Afghanistan.</p>


SOECs-Ministry of Finance logo

SOECs-Ministry of Finance

<p><strong>Introduction</strong></p> <p>The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Cabinet Council passed the SOC Law within 7 chapters and 51 articles in the cabinet meeting dated 14/06/1397. So, The Ministry of Finance, in particular, the SOEs and SOCs Directorate General along with other stockholders is responsible for the efficient implementation of the law across the whole portfolio of 35-SOEs and 14-SOCs as soon as enacted.</p> <p>As the SOC law implementation is comprehensive and contain multitasking reform process such as SOEs and SOCs Legal Status changes, Introduction of New Supervisory Board, Management Units, Updating of SOC Charters and many other Business development functions. So, there is a need for a Business Development Advisor to contribute to Business Analyses and Development of the mentioned process. It is clear that capacity building and possible structural reform within the SOCs and SOC General Directorate areas of the Ministry of Finance would yield better results, both in the operations and as a contribution to mitigating the financial risk from the SOEs SOCs.</p>


State Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs logo

State Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs

<p>The State Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs established through a presidential decree Jadi-1397. The main purpose of the ministry is to provide standard services for the heirs of martyrs and the disabled.</p> <p> </p> <p>Since the MMD is newly established and has recently provided its services within the framework of the state ministry, the MMDs leadership is committed to providing services to hairs of martyrs and disabled electronically and promptly.</p>


Ministry of Transport (MoT) National Road Access Program (NRAP) logo

Ministry of Transport (MoT) National Road Access Program (NRAP)

<p>The Ministry of Transport (MoT) is responsible for the planning, monitoring, maintenance and development of the various transport infrastructure projects such as Roads, Bridges, Culverts, Railway and Airport in the government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Therefore, to enhance the capacity to strengthen its ability to deliver effective, efficient and transparent services in MoT the Human Resource Directorate wishes to recruit the following staff on contract basis from development Budget for the Ministry of Transport.</p> <p><strong>National Road Access Program (NRAP)</strong></p> <p>The Government of Afghanistan has received a grant from the World Bank toward the cost of the proposed Afghanistan Rural Access Project (ARAP) under National Rural Access Program (NRAP). NRAP is a priority program of Government of Afghanistan. Ministry of Public Works (MoPW) is the implementing agency for secondary roads under the proposed project.</p> <p>The proposed project will provide access to rural communities throughout the country and will quickly restore economic activities though employment generation and access to markets, business opportunities and access to other social services. The Project comprises of different activities e.g. Improvement of rural secondary roads, construction of bridges, rural roads maintenance and institutional strengthening.</p> <p>ARAP aims to enhance human security and promote equitable economic growth by ensuring year round access to basic services and facilities in rural Afghanistan by promoting local productive capacity, through a private sector led development of physical rural access infrastructure and employment creation for the poor. In doing so ARAP seeks to rehabilitate, reconstruct and maintain essential rural access infrastructure using appropriate labor based approaches thereby creating short term employment opportunities for the rural poor, nation-wide.</p> <p>The National Rural Access Program has been substantially supported by International Development Association (IDA), Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund (ARTF) through the WB in Afghanistan and several other contributing donors.</p> <p>The Afghanistan Rural Access Project (ARAP) is follow-on project to the series of Bank’s supports made in the last ten years to the government through National Rural Access Program. The collective estimated cost of the project is US$ 332 million contributed by both IDA US$125 million and ARTF US$ 207 million.</p>


Ministry of Transport (MoT) Sustainable Reform & Technical Assistance Project (SRTAP) logo

Ministry of Transport (MoT) Sustainable Reform & Technical Assistance Project (SRTAP)

<p>The Ministry of Transport (MoT) is responsible for the planning, monitoring, maintenance and development of the various transport infrastructure projects such as Roads, Bridges, Culverts, Railway and Airport in the government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Therefore, to enhance the capacity to strengthen its ability to deliver effective, efficient and transparent services in MoT the Human Resource Directorate wishes to recruit the following staff on contract basis from development Budget for the Ministry of Transport.</p> <p><strong>About ANCL</strong></p> <p>The ANCL is being established in Kabul to serve as a facility under the Ministry of Transport (MoT) to verify the quality and safety of infrastructure construction through field measurements and inspections and through the laboratory analysis of materials used. The ANCL will also conduct forensic analyses of failed infrastructure to determine causes and how to avoid such failures in the future.  The MoT has contracted with Ohio University to assist with the establishment of the ANCL, including advising on the selection of equipment and training of the staff on use of the equipment, analysis of the data, and interpretation of the results.</p>


Ministry of Transport (MoT) PIU of Italian Funded Projects (PIFP) logo

Ministry of Transport (MoT) PIU of Italian Funded Projects (PIFP)

<p>Governmental officeThe Ministry of Transport (MoT) is responsible for the planning, monitoring, maintenance and development of the various transport infrastructure projects such as Roads, Bridges, Culverts, Railway and Airport in the government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Therefore to enhance the capacity to strengthen its ability to deliver effective, efficient and transparent services in MPW the Human Resource Directorate wishes to recruit the following staff on contract basis from development Budget for the Ministry of Public works.</p>


Urban Development Support Project Ministry of Urban Development &Land logo

Urban Development Support Project Ministry of Urban Development &Land

<p>A Country characterized by rapid urbanization.  Afghanistan is a rapidly urbanizing low income developing country. Average population growth of over 4 percent annually is bringing severe urban management challenges to city officials and national policy makers alike.  A combination of natural population growth, persistent rural-urban in-migration, and an influx of refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs), compounds the challenge of managing the countrys capital -- Kabul -- which was planned for 800,000 but now exceeds 5 million.   As a result, over 70% of the citys housing is informal, with large areas of the city lacking basic access to infrastructure, i.e. roads, water and sanitation and other amenities essential for a livable city.  The challenges are even more pressing in the countrys regional provincial centers (Herat, Mazar-i-Sharif, Jalalabad, and Kandahar) where population growth is persistent but resources are increasingly constrained as cities attempt to address growing demands of residents.</p> <p> </p> <p>Legal character of the national and subnational levels of government.  The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GoIRA) is established on the basis of a unitary state.  As such, all tiers of government are linked in various ways, i.e. relating primarily to planning and budgetary aspects.  Ministry of Urban Development and Land (MUDL) is assigned the primary policy making role for the sector (particularly in urban planning and housing), but also shares responsibilities with other institutions, including Independent Directorate for Local Governance (IDLG), and ARAZI (Land Authority), among other agencies.  The regulatory and implementation role for strategic and spatial planning falls under MUDHs mandate at the national level and to municipalities at the local level.   These functions and relationships are under discussion today around two draft documents -- a new Urban Development Law and a new Municipal Law.  As, such the legal and regulatory environment is fluid and evolving and, in itself, presents a key challenge in moving forward in the sector.   Recognizing the importance of urban policy to the countrys future development, a Higher Council for Urban Development (HCUD), chaired by the President and comprised of a number of key national level agencies, was formed in 2017 to coordinate urban policy across a range of agencies in Afghanistan. </p> <p> </p> <p>Role of subnational governments.  Turning to Afghanistans sub-national sector, the Afghan Constitution (2004) Article #141 empowers municipalities to:  administer affairs and assume responsibility over public services that are best planned, produced and delivered at the local level; lead public participation by "linking bottom up and top-down planning,"; and raise and spend own source revenues for service delivery.  There are 153 municipalities in Afghanistan who report to and coordinate with the Independent Directorate of Local Governance at the national level.  Of these, there are 33 provincial municipality centers.   Kabul, as the nations capital, has a distinct status, reporting directly to the President and with a number of other responsibilities and benefits accorded to Kabul in its special status. </p> <p> </p> <p> Municipal strategic planning is at a very early stage in Afghanistan.  MUDL is in the process of upgrading its municipal strategic and land use planning regulatory framework and planning tools.  This includes updating of the city level master plans in each of the five participating UDSP municipalities. Recognizing that traditional land use planning is not helping Afghanistans cities to manage effectively rapid urbanization and expansion, proposed changes in the draft Urban Development Law include a number of softer, more strategic, complementary tools for cities to use, and move away from relying exclusively on rigid and impractical planning instruments.  Accordingly, these new instruments will be introduced alongside traditional statutory planning tools to augment and strengthen them in a variety of ways, including expanding the scope and depth of data gathering and analysis to ensure the planning tools are well informed and reliant on a robust analytical base; strengthening consultations with local communities and other key stakeholders to ensure they are widely-discussed and embraced documents that are a sources of guidance and used over many years to come; and emphasizing the economic dimension of urban strategic and physical planning, focused on developing multiple scenarios that can support creation of economic opportunities and improvements for existing businesses to function and thrive, thus allowing Afghanistans secondary cities to become truly economic engines of growth in their respective provinces and regions. </p> <p> </p> <p>The introduction of new planning tools that are more responsive and strategic.  Strategic Management Action Plans (SMAPs) have been prepared, with UN-Habitat support, in a first set of pilot cities and are being tested.  The SMAPs are designed to address urgent planning and investment needs in the short term and dont have any hard restrictions typically attached to statutory land use plans, but do build on strategic considerations and intensive local stakeholder consultations using rapid participatory appraisal techniques to generate a number of priority investments aimed at targeting immediate and urgent needs. While this represents a good start at updating city planning strategies for Afghan cities, these action plan exercises will need to be bolstered by medium term Strategic Development Frameworks (SDFs) that are grounded in a more robust and granular assessment of baseline infrastructure requirements, demographic and land use growth dynamics, and business/economic growth potential, among other factors.  Rather than considering investments at a district level, SDFs should look at the medium-term growth prospects of the city as a whole, over multiple years, and strategically engage with citizens and businesses to project important land use development patterns within a 5-10 year planning horizon.  Such an approach can build on the positive momentum being created by a more concerted and practical orientation toward effective city planning and strategic development.  The SDF will support current efforts to update the PCC master plans that will benefit from the SDFs strategic visioning element, participatory formulation, scenario development aimed at boosting economic development, among other dimensions.  Only after the SDF is completed and its elements are incorporated into the updating land-use master plans, will the master plans be ready for official consideration and approval as statutory and binding documents. </p> <p> </p> <p>Afghanistans Urban Policy Agenda.  For its part, GoIRA has devoted considerable attention in recent years to improving urban policies and municipal implementation capacity, recognizing that without such attention and support, cities will become even less livable and economically dependent on the national government rather than drivers of economic growth.  Accordingly, GOIRA has formulated a new Urban National Priority Program (U-NPP) in 2016 which focuses on critical areas of policy and institutional reforms.  U-NPP has three pillars and four flagship actions, as follows:</p> <p> </p> <p>The three pillars:</p> <p>Pillar 1:  Strengthened Urban Governance and Institutions<br /> Pillar 2:  Adequate Housing and Basic Urban Services for All Afghans<br /> Pillar 3:  Strengthened Urban Economy and Infrastructure</p> <p> </p> <p>The four flagship actions:</p> <p>Flagship Action 1:  Municipal Development Program and Legislative Reform<br /> Flagship Action 2:  Cities for All (Urban Land Registration)<br /> Flagship Action 3:  National Housing Program<br /> Flagship Action 4:  City Regions Economic Development Program</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p> </p> <p>PROJECT BACKGROUND</p> <p> </p> <p>World Bank Support.  The World Bank is supporting the Government of Afghanistan (GOIRA) with technical advice and financing of an Urban Development Support Project (UDSP), which was approved in June, 2017.  This $20 million operation is conceived as the first phase of a program that will first delve into foundational policy and institutional capacity strengthening and evolve over time into a broader investment program.  As such, UDSP does not involve any physical investments.  Rather, it is designed to respond to key elements of the U-NPP, as follows:</p> <p> </p> <p>USDP Project Development Objective:  The Project Development Objectives are to (i) create an enabling policy framework and enhance urban policy making capacity in relevant agencies at the national level; and (ii) strengthen city planning, management and service delivery capacity in five Provincial Capital Cities (PCCs).</p> <p> </p> <p>Component 1- Urban Information:  Building an Urban Management Information System. This component will finance: (i) technical assistance to create the database and web architecture for the UMIS; (ii) design and implementation of surveys, and analysis of data gathered by municipalities; and (iii) annual data updates as well as maintenance of hardware and software of the UMIS.   </p> <p> </p> <p>Component 2 – Urban Institutions: Institutional and Capacity Development. This component will finance:  (i) implementation of an Urban Planning Functional Review of the urban planning functions and capacities of MUDH and other relevant agencies, as well as the planning functions and capacities under the participating PCCs, and the preparation of an Action Plan for  technical assistance to be supported by UDSP over the course of its three year implementation period; (ii) technical assistance and advisory services for capacity development in MUDL and the Participating PCCs in select areas, including urban policies, procurement, contract management, financial management and internal audit, all in accordance with the functional review; (iii) preparation of a series of policy notes and strategy papers in four defined policy work streams as follows: (a) Planning and Land Use Management, (b) Urban Regeneration through public-private partnerships, (c) Affordable Housing, and (d) Municipal Finance; and (iv) provision of training through in-country structured training programs, as well as customized out-of-country group and individual training programs. This will include, inter alia, setting an urban policy agenda, urban redevelopment guidelines, zoning regulations, affordable housing policy, mechanisms that promote private-public partnerships in urban development, and municipal finance, as well as strategies for urban disaster risk management/resilience and in-country structured training programs and custom-designed out-of-country group and individualized training programs.</p> <p> </p> <p>Component 3 – Urban Integration: Strengthening Urban Planning at National and Local Level. This component will integrate urban planning and development, supported by technical consultancies, goods, and information technology-related hardware and software, including training, for:  (i) development of curriculum for urban planning practitioners; and (ii) preparation of local Strategic Development Frameworks (SDFs) at the five PCCs, taking into account an inventory of existing planning and land use conditions, land use efficiency and service provision.  The component will include development of guidelines, manuals, tools and systems, including procurement of satellite imagery, for carrying out local planning functions. Each of the SDFs will be widely discussed with community groups through a series of workshops and will include a gender-based assessment of access to municipal services to identify specific gaps and options for addressing them in the SDF.  This assessment and at least one priority project for women to be included in each participating citys SDF will be indicators monitored under UDSP.   </p> <p> </p> <p>Component 4 – Urban Investments: Feasibility and Design Studies for Urban Infrastructure. This Component will be implemented by MUDH in coordination with IDLG and the five participating PCCs to support the preparation of multi-year Capital Investment Plans (CIPs) linked to the SDFs and feasibility studies for both priority and catalytic projects in the five participating PCCs. Priority investments are "no regret" projects that can be implemented quickly that will be identified in consultation with local stakeholders. Catalytic investments will be identified under the SDFs and will help attract productive investments to the cities, aimed at supporting economic development and job creation.</p>


Pension General Directorate, Ministry of Finance (MoF) logo

Pension General Directorate, Ministry of Finance (MoF)

<p><strong>Background</strong></p> <p>The government of Afghanistan has laid out its vision of reforms in the social protection sector in the Afghanistan National Development Strategy (ANDS). In PGD, the main objective is to ensure fiscal sustainability and mitigating fiscal impact of the Pay and Grading reform on the pension program, making it consistent with the broader public sector reform agenda. The strategy also recognizes that it is critically important to develop fiscally sound and well-targeted pension system.</p> <p>More importantly, the Pension Reform Project (PRP) is expected to contribute in the designing and implementing of policy and administrative reforms, and modernization of public sector pension program and to cover the private sector pension in future.</p> <p>The project was initiated in early 2010 with technical and financial support of WB/IDA grants and continued until December 2017, and then followed by the government of Afghanistan.</p>


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